This CNN article provides some additional information about the structure of the Electoral College and some other relevant information. A couple of nuggets to chew upon:
“The colleges of electors from each state meet on the same date – this year, December 13 – and vote for a president and vice president. There is no central location that the voters meet – in this case, college refers to a body of electors, not a building. Most of the 51 slates of electors meet at their respective state capitols.
There are measures to replace an original elector who cannot make it to the vote.
On January 6, the new Congress will meet in joint session to tally and announce the vote. If no candidate has a majority of the electoral votes, the House of Representatives picks the president and the Senate chooses the vice president.
The House of Representatives has not voted on a president since 1824, when Andrew Jackson won a plurality – but not majority – in the Electoral College. The House voted for John Quincy Adams, who became the sixth president.
Generally speaking, a candidate who has the most popular votes in a state also receives all of its electoral votes. Two states, however, can split their electoral college. Maine and Nebraska apportion their votes between congressional district and two at-large votes. Yet neither state has ever split its electoral vote. “
“Changes to the 2004 Electoral College
Because the apportionment of Electoral College voters is based indirectly on the Census, several states have gained or lost votes for the 2004 and 2008 elections. Florida, a key state in 2000, cast 25 electoral votes that year; this year it will have 27.
Other states with more votes: Arizona (+2), California (+1), Colorado (+1), Florida (+2), Georgia (+2), Nevada (+1), North Carolina (+1) and Texas (+2).
States with fewer votes: Connecticut (-1), Illinois (-1), Indiana (-1), Michigan (-1), Mississippi (-1), New York (-2), Ohio (-1), Oklahoma (-1), Pennsylvania (-2) and Wisconsin (-1).
On Election Day, Coloradoans will vote on whether to change immediately the winner-takes-all-votes approach to one tied to the state’s overall popular vote. Colorado has nine electoral votes.
In 2000, President Bush won the state; under the proposed format, he would have won only five of its electoral votes and would have lost the election.”