Risk Factors for Heart Disease
“NEW YORK (Reuters Health) – The circumference of your waist correlates more closely with several known risk factors for heart disease than does your body mass index (BMI) — the measure of weight in relation to height — according to a report in the American Journal of Clinical Nutrition (news – web sites).
The findings are based on an analysis of data from 10,969 subjects who participated in the third National Health and Nutrition Examination Survey from 1998 to 1994.
Dr. Shankuan Zhu, from the Medical College of Wisconsin in Milwaukee, and colleagues found that waist circumference was more strongly tied to cholesterol levels, blood pressure, and blood glucose levels than was BMI.
Among men, the circumferences that were equivalent in terms of cardiovascular risk to being overweight or obese were highest for whites, lowest for blacks, and intermediate for Mexican Americans. By contrast, the waist measurement cutoffs among women varied little by ethnicity.”